How to write a patient case report

how to write a case report ppt

But, the journal rejects it, and the same story is repeated many times over till the time the author finally dumps the report. There are also numerous respected, peer-reviewed medical journals that specialize in case reports; many are open access publications.

how to write a patient case report

Conclusion Based on the evidence reviewed in the discussion section, the author must provide a justified conclusion. By aggregating case reports and facilitating comparison, Cases Database provides a simple resource to clinicians, researchers, regulators and patients to explore content and identify emerging trends [ 20 ].

The IJO stopped accepting case reports from January The Abstract should be structured into three sections: Background, an introduction about why this case is important and needs to be reported.

Medical student case report example

Since a medication history may often omit herbals, vaccines, depot injections, and nonprescription medications, the author should specify the history of each of these medication types. In our next article , we will discuss the remaining five points. The author must be careful not to make firm judgments and sweeping recommendations based on speculation, on limited and tenuous information, or on a few case reports. However, it is perfectly acceptable to begin directly with the description of the case. Discussion The discussion section is the most important section of the case report. I have always preferred an in-person encounter to discuss a case with a colleague or professor, but given the current day and age daily workload, travel costs, time away from the office and family, and so on , I have found Internet-based discussion keeping all patient information anonymous of course very helpful. Ethical Issues as Applied to Case Reports Patient's informed consent must always be taken and patient's confidentiality and privacy must be maintained. Early case reports were little more than personal communications between colleagues about unique and interesting patients seen in their respective medical practices.

In two or three well-laid out paragraphs, authors must present the patient's information, clinical history presenting features, family, social occupational history, clinical examination findings, diagnostic assessment including all relevant investigations, differential diagnosis, if relevant, treatment plan, outcome and patient's progress, followup and complications if any.

Read various medical case reports to gain a sense of the different formatting styles used by specific journals.

How to write a case report bmj

The discussion section is the most important section of the case report. Abstract Case reports should include an abstract of — words. The name of the drug should be listed as either the generic or brand name, and combination products should be listed as such. The availability of an abstract will allow for easier retrieval from electronic databases and help researchers discern their levels of interest in the case report. The format of a patient case report encompasses the following five sections: an abstract, an introduction and objective that contain a literature review, a description of the case report, a discussion that includes a detailed explanation of the literature review, a summary of the case, and a conclusion. For case reports, IJO expects its authors to provide an unstructured abstract. Make the title short, descriptive, and interesting. Great care must be exercised in writing an abstract because most editors and readers would only read this part of the case to form an opinion about it. The most difficult decision to make is whether your case report is worth submitting as an abstract. Describe a new surgical procedure?

These phrases of words must be carefully chosen so that electronic search of the report is maximized. Deciding upon the authorship of a case report can be tricky.

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Guidelines To Writing A Clinical Case Report